Project Executing Agency
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postheadericon CASE Component II : Transport

The development and execution of this component will include a number of key stakeholders, which include the Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), the Dhaka Transport Coordination Authority (DTCA), the Dhaka City Corporation (DCC), the Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP), and public transport owners and operators.

A: Physical improvement of traffic flow and pedestrian mobility

The objective of the sub-component is to: (i) reduce congestion and improve traffic flow, thus contributing to an overall improvement in air quality; and (ii) enhance pedestrian safety and mobility. The targeted neighborhoods are Mohamadpur, Khilgaon, Tejgaon and Old Dhaka. Mohamadpur was chosen because of its historic character with a lot of pedestrian traffic while Khilgaon and Tejgaon were selected because the pedestrians are primarily low wage earners (mostly women) in the RMG industry. The following measures are contemplated.

(i) Campaigns for clean and safe mobility

The campaigns will be implemented with the cooperation of the media, schools and colleges, private sector, and concerned NGOs.

(ii) Sidewalks and ancillary road improvements: Mohammadpur, Khilgaon and Tejgaon

The construction of new sidewalks with proper surface drainage will be developed under the project. Obstructions to safe walking will be removed and/or relocated and the pavements in need of repair and/or repaving will also be rehabilitated. About 30 km of roads in Mohammadpur, 25 km in Khilgaon and 15 km in Tejgaon are expected to be improved under this program.

(iii) NMV/MV lane separation: Two major corridors

Segregation of slow and fast moving traffic reduces conflict and increases speed. Dedicated lanes for NMVs are therefore, proposed to be built for two major corridors: from Bangla Motor Junction to Komlapur Railway Station and from Kilgaon Flyover to Banga Bhaban.

(iv)  One way streets: Mohammadpur and Old Dhaka
 
Almost all streets in Old Dhaka are narrow and are currently two-way streets. Old Dhaka, which consists of five thanas: Shyampur, Sutrapur, Kotwali, Lal Bagh and Hazaribag, has many narrow streets with an unruly mix of MVs, NMVs and pedestrians that use the same unregulated road space. Based on a feasibility study, new one-way streets are proposed for for Mohamadpur and Old Dhaka. Works will include road signs and markings.  The proposed civil works in Mohamadpur would include, in addition to the signs and markings, new sidewalks with surface drainage, removal of obstructions to safe walking and ancillary street improvements to repair and/or rehabilitate road pavements. Based on a feasibility study to be completed before approval of the project, the one-way street program will select a priority network of 40 km of roads in Mohammadpur to be proposed for one-way street system.  For the Old Dhaka part of the study, it is proposed to support prioritized 40 km of roads for the proposed one-way street system (from a total network of 100 km).

(v) Foot over bridges (FOBs)

Foot over bridges not only provide a safe mobility option, they also serve to reduce the conflict between pedestrians and other traffic and hence reduce congestion and increase the throughput of vehicles. There are 52 FOBs in Dhaka at present. Another 25 FOBs will be built in selected locations with high pedestrian volumes to improve safety and traffic flow, which in turn will reduce vehicular air emissions. The project will focus on better designs and innovative solutions, based on user feedback rather than duplicating the existing FOBs.

(vi) Traffic signaling, intersection improvements and related initiatives

Dhaka has now has 73 signalized intersections, of which 9 intersections need repair and replacement of signals. In addition, the synchronization of signals, done under DUTP in 2004 is completely out of date for current traffic conditions and needs to be updated. The following works are proposed under the sub-component.  

(a)Traffic Signals Synchronization along Mirpur Corridor

Traffic signals synchronization along the Mirpur Road corridor and the east-west corridor from Science Laboratory on Mirpur Road to Gulistan via the Ramna Park will be carried out under the project. This will cover 21 junctions already equipped with traffic signals. However, at 9 intersections along the corridor, the older traffic signal installations, which are currently not in operation, would be replaced with new equipments from DCC’s own resources before commencement of the synchronization work.

b) Synchronization of Remaining Existing Traffic Signals, Installation of Count down Timers and Solar Panels for Existing Signals

In addition to the synchronization of 21 junctions along the Mirpur road, synchronization of the remaining 47 of the total 68 junctions equipped with traffic signals would be carried out. As part of the synchronization effort, count-down timers and solar panels for renewable power supply will be procured for all the 68 junctions.

(c)   Feasibility Study for improvement of 41 Junctions:

A feasibility study will be carried out to assess the need for installing new signals together with attendant physical improvements to the junctions at 41 priority locations.

d) Junction Improvements and Signalization of new Junctions

The project will support implementation of physical improvements with installation of traffic signals at 30 priority junctions to be selected by a feasibility study.  

(vii) Parking strategy study

B: Bus Route Network Rationalization and Franchising

Currently, bus routes are assigned by the Road Transport Committee (RTC). However, the RTC has no tools and capacity to assess the requirement of buses on city routes and optimize their operations.  With rational route planning and management, leading to the introduction of more big buses on franchised routes (corridors), it would be possible to meet the twin-objectives of: phasing-out highly polluting and inefficient mini-buses, and improving the fluidity of traffic.

This project aims to lay the foundation for addressing these problems by encouraging the introduction of better quality bus operations through the offer of exclusive use of bus routes / corridors to selected operating companies.

i)BRT Feasibility Study

The objective of the study is to assess the feasibility of implementing a bus priority or BRT corridor. The scope of the study will include assess engineering, financial, and economic feasibility, as well as environmental and social aspects. A plan to restructure the existing bus services will be carried out for the bus priority or BRT system and existing bus routes.

(ii) BRT Design Study

The objective of the study is to prepare a detailed design of the bus priority system, and consequential changes to facilitate implementation and operation.

(iii) Public Transport Network Study

The objective is to design an improved urban bus network that will more efficiently meet existing and future demand, and to develop a scheme for franchising bus services to improve service performance
 

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  • Air Quality Monitoring network of DoE has been expanded through installation of 6 new CAMS. Monthly air quality report for major cities of Bangladesh will be available on the website.